SC19 A look at the high end of HPCWritten on December 10, 2019 by Dr Donald Kinghorn
Overall "Feel" and Trends -- Machine Learning and AI Everywhere
Here I am in all my "white-beard" glory at Super Computing 2019! A friend from NIST, who I always seem to run into within the first 30min of a conference, snapped this.
I missed SC18 last year so I have a 2 year change perspective. That photo actually says a lot. Machine Learning/AI was everywhere! I went to several talks that had a focus on machine learning. They were all excellent. Invited speakers, to grad-students, all very good. When I attended the meeting two years ago Machine Learning was just rearing it's head in the super-computing world. At SC17 there were talks addressing the need to embrace ML/AI and try to make it work at scale in HPC. It was the start of a shift, or addendum to, the traditional super-computing domain covering large scale simulation and modeling. BIG change in two years! ML/AI seems like it's been there forever now.
Even areas where you wouldn't expect to see ML/AI, there it was, (look at the title of the 11:00 talk in this CFD tract)
The shift to and acceptance of ML/AI was the most notable change for SC19 from my perspective.
NVIDIA was dominate at SC19. There were NVIDA GPU's everywhere. GPU acceleration is responsible for most of the total compute performance on the Top500 list now. The Monday before the SC19 technical sessions started there was a separate "Special Address", SC19: NVIDIA CEO Jensen Huang on the Expanding Universe of HPC recording of that talk and interesting "booth sessions" The "special address" was a long talk but personally, I always enjoy Jenson's presentations! There is some great stuff in those recordings.
The AMD booth was busy but it was not packed like it was 2 years ago. I think the reason for that is that AMD is back in the game for HPC and AMD EPYC is now accepted as a solid platform choice.
There were MANY EPYC systems on display at various booths on the exhibit floor.
Here's an example dual EPYC server with 8 NVIDIA GPU's. A notable feature of this node is that there are no PCIe switches (PLX) for those 8 X16 cards!
Intel had a big presence of course.
I felt the most interesting thing Intel was presenting was oneAPI. This is a VERY ambitious project to enable a unified heterogeneous hardware programming framework. The idea is to have a single programing framework across CPU's, GPU's, FPGA's, special chips etc.. They are talking about being inclusive and vendor neutral. But, they are starting with their own hardware first. This seems like a lot of work. I wish them success in their efforts.
ARM CPU designs scale from chips for your phone up to CPU that compete with the best from Intel and AMD. They have been steadily gaining ground in HPC for several years. The open design possibilities make them attractive. The biggest problem with ARM is that it's not x86. That means programs need to be recompiled and optimized for the architecture. However, I expect to see world-wide development efforts on ARM in the coming years.
Of course the big 3 could vendors were at SC19. AWS (Amazon), Azure (Microsoft) and GCP (Google) had large and very active booths. One of the NVIDIA announcements was about partnering with Microsoft to bring "Super-computing as a Service" to the cloud. The announcement is at the 1:13:21 time mark.
All 3 of these cloud vendors are now offering GPU accelerated machine instances suitable for HPC. However, I heard negative sentiment about the usage complexity and cost. There seems to be an ongoing influx to the cloud followed by backlash from user-experience and expense.
Happy computing! --dbk @dbkinghorn
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