Agisoft Metashape 1.6.5 - NVIDIA GeForce RTX 30 Series Multi-GPU PerformanceWritten on December 11, 2020 by William George
TL;DR: Metashape Multi-GPU Performance with RTX 30 Series GPUs
The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3070, 3080, and 3090 gained a 5-10% boost from running as a pair versus a single GPU in Metashape.
In fact, dual RTX 3070s outperformed a single RTX 3090 that costs substantially more. A pair of RTX 3080 or 3090 cards are even faster, but with only a small increase in performance they may not be worth the extra money for most users.
Agisoft Metashape has had an interesting history with multi-GPU performance. Back when it was called Photoscan, benchmarks we ran showed that two and even three video cards could bring substantial processing speed increases. Our last round of testing, however, showed very little benefit to having a second GPU. With a newer version of Metashape out now, and with enough of the latest NVIDIA GeForce RTX 30 Series video cards available to test dual card configurations, we are taking a look at this topic once again.
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Listed below are the specifications of the system we used for our Metashape testing:
|CPU||AMD Ryzen 9 5950X|
|CPU Cooler||Noctua NH-U12S|
|Motherboard||Gigabyte X570 AORUS ULTRA|
|RAM||4x DDR4-3200 16GB (64GB total)|
|Video Card||1-2 x NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 24GB
1-2 x NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 10GB
1-2 x NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3070 8GB
|Hard Drive||Samsung 960 Pro 1TB|
|Software||Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
Metashape Professional 1.6.5
We used AMD's Ryzen 9 5950X because we have found it to be one of the fastest processors for Metashape (along with the other Ryzen 5000 Series chips). However, that does mean that we are practically limited to two GPUs. Some boards for this processor might be able to cram more cards in, but given the PCI-Express layout supported by this family of CPUs it wouldn't really be ideal to go beyond two... and stepping up to a bigger platform like Threadripper in order to support more video cards would make running multiple instances of Metashape a better approach to maximizing performance.
To test each video card, we used our in-house Metashape benchmark - both the standard and extended versions. Each was run twice per GPU, and the best results were included in the charts below. Here is some basic info about the image sets in these projects:
- Rock Model - 36 photos at 20 megapixels each
- School Map - 51 photos at 18 megapixels each
- School Model - 439 photos at 18 megapixels each
- Park Map - 792 photos at 18 megapixels each
We make these benchmarks publicly available under the Creative Commons BY-ND license, so if you use Metashape Professional (or get the 30-day trial) you can download them from our website and compare your system's performance with the results shown here.
Here are charts showing the performance of single GeForce RTX 30 Series cards (in blue) versus pairs of the same cards (green):
For a detailed look at how adding a second GPU impacted performance in different processing steps, here is a full table of the results:
Analysis & Conclusion
In this version of Metashape, on this particular CPU platform, and with GeForce RTX 30 Series video cards it looks like adding a second GPU provides a measurable boost to overall processing speed. That info alone may be enough for some folks, but digging deeper into the results table shows where the performance increase is coming from: the Align Photos and Build Depth Maps steps. Those are both substantially faster with dual video cards compared to just one, with Align Photos taking ~20% less time and Depth Maps taking 30-40% less. Those are significant numbers!
However, on the flip side, the presence of a second video card appears to slightly slow down some of the later processing steps. The reduction in speed there is smaller, though, and isn't enough to counteract the big gains in those first two areas. Overall, the performance with two video cards ends up being 5-10% faster than a single card... with larger projects, and especially larger models (rather than maps) seeing the most benefit.
What is even more interesting, though, is the comparison between two of the more affordable cards and a single costlier model. The most clear example of this is a pair of GeForce RTX 3070s (MSRP $499 each = $998 for two) versus a single RTX 3090 (MSRP $1499). The pair of less expensive cards was faster in all four of our image sets, and costs ~$500 less! Further, the increase in performance going from that pair of 3070s to a pair of 3090s never exceeded 5%... so while dual 3090s is the fastest configuration we have yet tested, the minor increase in speed will likely not be worth the price for most users.
Are Dual GeForce RTX 30 Series Cards Good for Agisoft Metashape?
Yes, the GeForce RTX 3070, 3080, and 3090 all showed a 5-10% boost from running as a pair versus a single GPU in Metashape! In fact, dual RTX 3070s outperformed a single RTX 3090 that costs substantially more! A pair of RTX 3080 or 3090 cards are even faster, but with only a small increase in performance they may not be worth the extra money for most users.
As always, please keep in mind that these results are strictly for photogrammetry in Agisoft Metashape. If you have performance concerns for other applications in your workflow, we highly recommend checking out our Hardware Articles (you can filter by software or other categories) for the latest information on how a wide range of programs perform with various GPUs, CPUs, and other hardware.
Puget Systems offers a range of poweful and reliable systems that are tailor-made for your unique workflow.