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Adobe Premiere Pro: AMD Ryzen 5000 Series CPU Performance

Written on November 5, 2020 by Matt Bach
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TL;DR: AMD Ryzen 5000 Series performance in Premiere Pro

With Premiere Pro now supporting GPU-accelerated encoding/decoding of H.264/HEVC media, Intel is no longer an auto-pick for Premiere Pro, allowing AMD to show what they are capable of on a level playing field. At many points of the stack, the AMD Ryzen 5000-series CPUs do extremely well, solidly beating similarly-priced Intel CPUs by 12-20%.

The exception is the AMD Ryzen 7 5800X, which still manages to pull ahead of the Intel Core i9 10900K, but only by 1% - effectively tying those two CPUs in terms of overall performance. This actually puts Intel in a very slight lead at this price point since being able to use Quick Sync rather than your GPU for H.264/HEVC encoding and decoding frees up the video card to be used for other things like processing GPU effects, debayering R3D media, etc.

Introduction

Until recently, Intel has been somewhat of an automatic pick for Premiere Pro since many of their CPUs support a feature called Quick Sync that could be used for hardware accelerated encoding and decoding of H.264 and HEVC codecs. These codecs are extremely common, but are also notoriously difficult to edit due to the nature of how they compress the video data. If you want to read more about this, be sure to check out our Why cant my new workstation edit H.264 media smoothly? article

6 months ago, however, Adobe added GPU accelerated encoding which allowed any system with a supported NVIDIA or AMD GPU to benefit from hardware encoding when exporting to H.264/HEVC. Even more recently, in Premiere Pro 14.5, Adobe also added the other half of the picture: GPU accelerated decoding (playback) of H.264 and HEVC media.

What this means is that for the first time, AMD Ryzen CPUs can be a strong contender for Premiere Pro. GPU acceleration doesn't just benefit the new Ryzen 5000-series processors (previous Ryzen CPUs, Threadripper, and even the Intel X-series also benefit), but we are very curious to see how Intel and AMD stack up is now that Intel has lost their automatic lead.

AMD Ryzen 5000-series for Adobe Premiere Pro

In this article, we will be examining the performance of the new AMD Ryzen 5600X, 5800X, 5900X, and 5950X in Premiere Pro compared to a range of CPUs including the Intel 10th Gen, Intel X-10000 Series, AMD Threadripper 3rd Gen, and the previous generation AMD Ryzen 3000-series processors. If you are interested in how these processors compare in other applications, we also have other articles for After Effects, Lightroom Classic, Photoshop, and several other applications available on our article listing page.

If you would like to skip over our test setup and benchmark sections, feel free to jump right to the Conclusion.

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Test Setup

Listed below are the specifications of the systems we will be using for our testing:

AMD Ryzen Test Platform
CPU AMD Ryzen 9 5950X ($799)
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X ($549)
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X ($449)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X ($299)


AMD Ryzen 9 3950X ($749)
AMD Ryzen 9 3900XT ($499)
AMD Ryzen 7 3800XT ($399)
AMD Ryzen 5 3600XT ($249)
CPU Cooler Noctua NH-U12S
Motherboard Gigabyte X570 AORUS ULTRA
RAM 4x DDR4-3200 16GB (64GB total)
Intel 10th Gen Test Platform
CPU Intel Core i9 10900K ($488)
Intel Core i7 10700K ($374)
Intel Core i5 10600K ($262)
CPU Cooler Noctua NH-U12S
Motherboard Gigabyte Z490 Vision D
RAM 4x DDR4-3200 16GB (64GB total)
AMD Threadripper 3rd Gen Test Platform
CPU AMD TR 3990X ($3,990)
AMD TR 3970X ($1,999)
AMD TR 3960X ($1,399)
CPU Cooler Noctua NH-U14S TR4-SP3
Motherboard Gigabyte TRX40 AORUS PRO WIFI
RAM 4x DDR4-3200 16GB (64GB total)
Intel X-10000 Series Test Platform
CPU Intel Core i9 10980XE ($979)
Intel Core i9 10940X ($784)
Intel Core i9 10920X ($689)
Intel Core i9 10900X ($590)
CPU Cooler Noctua NH-U12DX i4
Motherboard Gigabyte X299 Designare EX
RAM 4x DDR4-2933 16GB (64GB total)
Shared PC Hardware/Software
Video Card NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 10GB
Hard Drive Samsung 970 Pro 1TB
Software Windows 10 Pro 64-bit (version 2004)

*All the latest drivers, OS updates, BIOS, and firmware applied as of October 26, 2020

In order to see how each of these configurations performs in Premiere Pro, we will be using our PugetBench for Premiere Pro V0.92 benchmark and Premiere Pro version 14.5. This benchmark version includes the ability to upload the results to our online database, so if you want to know how your own system compares, you can download and run the benchmark yourself.

One thing we do want to note is that the pre-launch BIOS that is available for Ryzen motherboards is using AGESA 1.0.8. Soon after launch, there should be an update that adds support for AGESA 1.1.0 which is supposed to increase the performance of each Ryzen CPU by another few percent.

Benchmark Results

While our benchmark presents various scores based on the performance of each test, we also like to provide the individual results for you to examine. If there is a specific task that is a hindrance to your workflow, examining the raw results for that task is going to be much more applicable than the scores that our benchmark calculated.

Feel free to skip to the next sections for our analysis of these results to get a wider view of how each configuration performs in Premiere Pro.

Benchmark Analysis: AMD Ryzen 5000-series vs Intel 10th Gen

In many of our other articles (especially those for Photoshop and After Effects), the new AMD Ryzen 5000-series CPUs simply blew away everything else. However, those applications are very lightly threaded, making the 19% IPC improvements that AMD made in these new processors extremely valuable.

Premiere Pro, on the other hand, can take advantage of significantly more CPU cores, and the latest version also uses the GPU far more than it has in the past. Before, using an Intel CPU with Quick Sync was the only way to get hardware accelerated encoding and decoding of H.264/HEVC media. Now, that can be offloaded to the GPU, so many of the advantages of Intel CPUs with Quick Sync that we have seen in ealier articles are not as relevant.

This results in some very interesting data compared to the testing we have done in the past. Starting at the low end, the Ryzen 5 5600X does very well, beating the similarly priced Intel Core i5 10600K by a respectable 12%. The Ryzen 7 5800X does not do quite as well, but still manages to barely out-score the Intel Core i9 10900K by 1%.

For the new Ryzen 9 5900X and 5950X, the performance lead over Intel widens quite a bit. Compared to the Intel Core i9 10900X, the new Ryzen 9 5900X is 20% faster, while the Ryzen 9 5950X is 12% faster than the Core i9 10940X.

AMD Ryzen 5000-series vs 3000-series in Premiere Pro

Versus the AMD Ryzen 3000-series CPUs from the previous generation, the new Ryzen 5000-series are all roughly 5% faster than the CPUs they are replacing. That might not look great since they also have a 10-20% higher price tag as well, although in terms of absolute cost that works out to only a $50 increase which is fairly small if you look at it as a part of the overall cost of a computer. The 5950X performance improvement is also right on the money with what AMD claimed during their product announcement, which is always great to see.

This creates a bit of an odd disparity in our results analysis compared to what we have seen in the past. The Ryzen 5000-series CPUs are not all that much faster than the previous generation in Premiere Pro, but because this is the first time that Intel hasn't had the sole advantage of hardware encoding/decoding (via Quick Sync), it lets AMD fully show what performance they have to offer. In fact, if you look at our Premiere Pro CPU performance: Intel Core 10th Gen vs AMD Ryzen 3rd Gen article from just 6 months ago, you will see that the AMD Ryzen 3000-series CPUs have seen up to a 30% improvement in Premiere Pro benchmark scores - largely due to the addition of GPU-accelerated decoding/encoding.

This performance gain also allows the AND Ryzen 9 5950X to knock on the door of the far more expensive AMD Threadripper CPUs. Threadripper is still faster in Premiere Pro, but the difference between the 5950X and the 3960X is now less than 10%.

Are the AMD Ryzen 5000-series or Intel Core 10th Gen/X-series better for Premiere Pro?

Until recently, Intel has held a commanding lead for Premiere Pro at the mid-range due to the fact that the Intel 10th Gen CPUs supported Quick Sync which Premiere Pro could use to greatly improve performance when working with H.264 and HEVC media. With Premiere Pro 14.5 including both GPU-accelerated encoding and decoding, however, AMD is able to show what they are capable of when on a level playing field. At many points of the stack, the AMD Ryzen 5000-series CPUs do extremely well, solidly beating similarly-priced Intel CPUs by 12-20%.

The exception is the AMD Ryzen 7 5800X, which still manages to pull ahead of the Intel Core i9 10900K, but only by 1% -effectively tying those two CPUs in terms of overall performance. Even though Premiere Pro now has GPU decoding/encoding, this actually puts Intel in a very slight lead at this price point since being able to use Quick Sync rather than your GPU for H.264/HEVC encoding and decoding frees up the video card to be used for other things like processing GPU effects, debayering R3D media, etc.

AMD Ryzen 5000-series vs Intel in Premiere Pro

Another factor that has changed recently is that the Gigabyte B550 Vision D motherboard - with fully certified Thunderbolt support - has launched and passed our internal qualification process. In addition to Quick Sync, Thunderbolt was another reason we tended to use the Intel CPUs over Ryzen when the performance was similar. More than almost any other industry we target, Thunderbolt is incredibly important in the video editing world, and until now, only Intel platforms had Thunderbolt support that met our standards. With this motherboard, Thunderbolt is no longer as much of a factor when choosing between Intel 10th Gen and AMD Ryzen CPUs in our workstations.

Since we have not yet found a Threadripper motherboard with fully functioning Thunderbolt support, this also makes Ryzen a strong choice over Threadripper. The fastest Ryzen 5000-series CPU may still be ~10% slower than Threadripper, but for many that is a small price to pay to be able to use all their existing external drives.

Keep in mind that the benchmark results in this article are strictly for Premiere Pro and that performance will vary widely in different applications. If your workflow includes other software packages (we have similar articles for After Effects, Lightroom Classic, and Photoshop), you need to consider how the system will perform in those applications as well. Be sure to check our list of Hardware Articles to keep up to date on how all of these software packages - and more - perform with the latest CPUs.

Looking for a Premiere Pro Workstation?

Puget Systems offers a range of poweful and reliable systems that are tailor-made for your unique workflow.

Configure a System!

Labs Consultation Service

Our Labs team is available to provide in-depth hardware recommendations based on your workflow.

Find Out More!
Tags: Intel 9th Gen, Intel X-series, AMD Ryzen 3rd Gen, Intel X-10000, AMD Threadripper 3rd Gen, Intel 10th Gen, i9 10900K, i7 10700K, i5 10600K, AMD Ryzen 5000-series, 5600X, 5800X, 5900X, 5950X, Premiere Pro
Asaf Blasberg

GREAT article! Bravo! So, for me the H.264 59.94FPS multicam (half-res) test is critical because this is the media I use every single day. That being said, the Intel i9-10920X scored around 36 FPS using the GTX 3080. My question is, if you hit the space bar for PLAYBACK in Premiere Pro, at 36 FPS, does that bottleneck the GPU? In other words, how stuttery is the playback? Is the GPU maxed out at 100%? Any way to see a video demonstration of this test? I really need to know if upgrading my i7-7820X and GTX 1080 Ti with i9-10920X and GTX 3080 will allow me to play this back smoothly, even though 36 FPS is not 59.95FPS, but a lot better than my slow 17 FPS that I currently experience. Thank YOU! :)

Posted on 2020-11-05 15:52:06

So, that one test is a bit... odd right now. With the new GPU accelerated decoding that was added in Pr 14.5, normal usage of H.264 media is wayyy better. Things like scrubbing seek time, reverse playback, etc. are massively smoother. Multicam is also generally better, but for whatever reason, with our test clip we are actually seeing worse playback for multicam compared to previous versions using software mode. I haven't had a chance to really dive into the why behind it, but H.264 is such a complex codec that it could be anything from the i-frame distance, some oddity with how the camera recorded it, or maybe it is 4:2:2 which I don't think GPU decoding fully supports right now.

All those complexities also means that it is almost impossible to use this kind of testing as an exact metric for what you would see with your own media. It is terrific to give you a general idea of how various hardware would perform, but that is why we encourage a lot of our customers to send us a test clip or project that we can toss on one of our systems to see how it actually performs before they purchase. That is really the only way to know exactly how a system will perform with your projects.

Posted on 2020-11-05 16:23:11
Asaf Blasberg

OK I'll send you guys a test clip, thanks.

Posted on 2020-11-05 17:36:13
Asaf Blasberg

P.S., since you don't have any playback tests for Resolve, I would be very curious to see the performance on Resolve using Multicam playback. I've submitted the test clips and asked Puget to test it in Resolve. Thank you again! :)

Posted on 2020-11-05 17:44:11
Jake

Firstly I greatly appreciate all of your data and willingness to share. It's been a serious help as I plan through building out a new workstation.
With that said, which system do you think would perform better, - 5950x with a $700-900 GPU or a 3960x with a $400-500 GPU? I'm split between these two options. We shoot mainly on C200's and a 1Dx, about 80% in Premiere and 20% in AfterEffects. Seems like either choice will be a solid upgrade over my aging iMac

Posted on 2020-11-05 20:33:03

That is a tough call, but for most people, the "3960x with a $400-500 GPU" config should be better overall I think. Unless you use a bunch of GPU accelerated effects, or need to shave off as much time as possible when exporting to H.264/HEVC (using hardware encoding), you should get much more performance from a higher-end CPU than a higher-end GPU in Premiere Pro, and there the 3960X is about 10% faster than the 5950X.

But, the 5950X is way faster than the 3960X in After Effects - about 18% faster in fact. If 80% of your work is in Pr, it is probably better to take the 10% better performance there rather than the 20% higher performance in Ae. On the other hand, I know working in Ae can be frustrating at times, so even if it is less of your total workflow, if it is where more of your frustration lies, then the 5950X might be the better option even if it is a bit slower in the application you use more often (Pr).

Super helpful, I know, but that is one of the reasons why we value our consultants so much. Tearing apart workflows to figure out exactly the right workstation configuration is rarely a straight-forward task.

Posted on 2020-11-05 20:44:48
Jake

Yeah, that makes sense! Thanks for the swift reply. Most of the AE work I do is fairly straightforward, simple motion graphics and lower thirds, so I'm leaning towards the 3960x and it's current availability versus trying to find a 5950x in stock.

Regardless, either setup will serve me well. Thank you again for all of your hard work with these benchmarks!

Posted on 2020-11-05 22:08:23
Mensur Ibrahimovic

Hello, I would ask you for advice :)
I do video editing professionally and it's time for a better PC, but I'm in a dilemma of what to buy or pair. Should I pair

AMD Ryzen 9 5950X and ASUS ROG STRIX GeForce RTX3070 Gaming 8 GB OC

or

AMD Ryzen 9 3950X BOX and ASUS ROG STRIX GeForce RTX3080 GAMING 10 GB

By the way, I mount at the premiere and afters, so please tell me which combination would be better. Of course if there is any third combination you would recommend to me it is always welcome. I would also ask you which motherboard do you recommend for these processors.
Thank you very much!

Posted on 2020-11-19 20:22:46