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Z97 vs H97 - What is the Difference?

Written on May 11, 2014 by Matt Bach
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Introduction

Looking for information on newer chipsets? We have multiple articles you may be interested in:

The Z97 and H97 chipset have recently been added to Intel's line of chipsets, replacing the previous Z87 and H87 chipsets. These new chipsets don't add much in the way of additional features (as we covered in our What is new in Z97 and H97 article), but they still have a couple of key ways in which they are different from each other. In this article we will take a look at the specifications for the Z97 and H97 chipsets and compare them to each other.

Specifications

   Z97 H97
Processor Support Haswell LGA1150
Graphics Support 1x16 or 2x8 or 1x8+2x4 1x16
Mem/DIMMs Per Channel 2/2 2/2
Intel RST12 Yes Yes
Intel Smart Response Technology Yes Yes
Small Business Advantage No No
USB Total (USB 3.0) 14(6) 14(6)
Total SATA (SATA 6Gb/s) 6(6) 6(6)
PCI-E 2.0* 8 8
PCI-E M.2 Support 1x2 1x2
CPU Overclocking Yes No

*In addition to the 16 PCI-E 3.0 lanes from the CPU

From an official chipset perspective, there are only two differences between Z97 and H97 chipsets. The first is the fact that the Z97 chipset supports CPU overclocking, while the H97 chipset does not. Secondly, the Z97 chipset has the ability to split up the 16 PCI-E lanes from the CPU which allows for SLI/Crossfire video card configurations.

Both chipsets include support for PCI-E M.2 which is a relatively recent improvement to mSATA. Just like mSATA, M.2 allows for the connection of storage devices (like SSDs), except mSATA which used an existing PCI-E Mini Card slot, M.2 uses an entirely new physical connection. This redesign will allow storage manufacturers to be more efficient with their designs and let them to cram more total storage capacity into a smaller footprint.

In addition, M.2 allows for devices to be connected through either a SATA III 6Gb/s port or directly through the PCI-E bus. While most M.2 SSDs currently on the market connect through the SATA controller, future devices should bypass the SATA controller entirely and use the PCI-E bus instead. Theoretically, this should allow for transfer speeds up to 2GB/s compared to the current SATA III 6Gb/s specification which only has a peak of about 600MB/s

As far as their additional feature sets, Both Z97 and H97 support Rapid Storage TechnologySmart Response Technology (otherwise known as SSD Caching), six SATA 6Gb/s ports and six USB 3.0 ports. Finally, both chipsets support two DIMMs per memory channel so they are able to utilize up to four sticks of RAM.

Conclusion

If you need CPU overclocking or SLI/Crossfire, then you are largely going to be limited to the Z97 chipset unless you do are willing to upgrade to a socket 2011 CPU. However, even if you don't need CPU overclocking or SLI/Crossfire, keep in mind that a motherboard with a Z97 chipset may still be the ideal choice for you.

While the H97 may sound like the ideal chipset for the majority of our customers, we have found that the Z97 motherboards are almost always a better fit. Since Z97 is the top chipset, manufacturers tend to include ports and headers on those motherboards that are not on their H97 equivalent. Often times just a couple of additional ports can make the difference between a motherboard working for a customer out of the box or needing to use add-on PCI-E cards to get the proper functionality. These cards can give a customer the functionality they want, but they usually don't perform as well as onboard ports and add more points of failure which may lead to system instability. For that reason, we always recommend to get as much functionality as you can from the motherboard itself and only use PCI-E cards when absolutely necessary.

Tags: Z97, H97, Chipset, Intel
neverfeedatroll

Thank you for the article. This is a helpful post in terms of sorting out the specific differences between H97 and Z97. Be careful when referring to SATA, as there is an 8-fold difference between 6Gb/s and 6GB/s. Sata III is rated at the smaller 6Gb/s (six gigabits per second) not 6GB/s (six gigabytes per second). I apologize for nitpicking, but the distinction is especially important when making comparisons.

Posted on 2014-07-15 17:10:59
Prom

Both are acceptable. Whether it's bits or bytes depends not mainly on capitalization but on the technology being rated. Things like network and port connections are usually rated in bits per seconds while storage is in bytes. So both a small b and capital B mean the same.

Posted on 2014-09-04 16:14:22
neverfeedatroll

Fair point Prom. It is true that what matters most is the technology being rated, but not true that B and b conventionally mean the same thing, though many people do use them erroneously interchangeably. It's like going to the shooting range and colloquially referring to a magazine as a clip; even though they are very different things, everyone will likely know what you're talking about based on the context, but the people who know the difference will still smirk at the misuse.

http://www.techsupportalert...

Posted on 2014-09-04 16:55:25
Myles

You are correct in what you say, prom is basically wrong.

Posted on 2014-11-10 14:26:04
Prom

Basically wrong? Something is either wrong or right and in this case I'm not being wrong. What Neverfeedatroll says is correct but it's not the whole issue. Conventionally B and b doesn't mean the same thing but in this case convention has never been followed. The only thing left are standards but here also a standard has never actually been defined. So we fall back on convention which is to use bits when referring to speeds and bytes when referring to capacities.

What matters most is not which one a person uses but more importantly to be consistent. There he does have a point. The article still reads clearly for me though.

Posted on 2014-11-18 20:51:24
DaveTheLiar

Or not. Pre SATA and SAS, speeds were quoted in Bytes. The transition from PATA 133Mbyte/s to SATA 1.5Gbit/s did confuse some. The rationale was that serial connections are 1 bit wide, and are conventionally quoted in bps, whereas parallel connections were typically 8 bit (1 byte) wide and it made sense to talk about bytes per second.
It's a mess. The only way for clarity is to spell it out, but that doesn't always work in a table.

Posted on 2014-12-17 03:42:04
Lama

Lol, small b always means bits, and bit B always means Bytes. THIS IS ALWAYS THE CASE. Not based on how someone feels.

Posted on 2015-03-15 17:38:40
Manius

No Prom, you weren't basically wrong. You were TOTALLY FUCK|NG WRONG. Conventions like this are only ruined by fools like you who are too sloppy and lazy to pay attention.

Besides, I've seen pci-e bandwidth in "B" and that's a "port connection", not storage. So your unreliable rule doesn't help at all. How are we supposed to communicate accurate information if the terms used aren't consistent? It's kind of a big deal. Just admit that you're wrong and stop spreading misinformation.

Posted on 2015-04-28 03:19:07
Prom

"When the debate is lost, slander becomes the tool of the loser" ― Socrates

I am still waiting for someone to show the claimed standard, there is none. I didn't say there is a rule. I said there id none. Instead of arguing with me over something that doesn't exist rather spend your time on something productive like actually getting a real standard going. But that's not something that trolls do.

Posted on 2015-04-28 11:05:19
DarkSpider

When someone isn't right, that one quotes a dead philosopher and makes a ridiculous generalization that has nothing to do with what the dead man meant. b=bit B=bytes, it's basically seen everywhere, just open your eyes.

Posted on 2015-05-09 11:28:54
Prom

Yeah now insult the philosopher. Now you've just full on lost it.

Posted on 2015-05-09 15:34:40

Only the correct one is acceptable, the right one. There's a reason for standards and your take on this kind of inaccuracy is the worst kind of one. In fact I think the only reason you're posing such a view is to troll.

Posted on 2015-02-14 15:54:47
Prom

I don't care if you disagree. I do however take exception to you calling me a troll. If there is a standard then please quote the relevant standards organisation and the number. Because till date there is yet to be a standard and only conventions.

Posted on 2015-02-17 01:28:24

You're really being quite specific for someone defending being not so very specific. Just throw in the towel already, b vs B is very significant there's no argument.

Posted on 2015-02-17 18:36:18
Prom

My issue is with your insults. I gave my opinion, others gave theirs. Without what I asked for being provided opinions is all it is. Your comment makes no sense.

Posted on 2015-02-18 07:05:58

Insults are more frustration than anything. When someone says b/B are interchangeable regarding data measurements you're either 100% wrong. I'm frustrated because as tech folks it's important that we get these details correct.

"In December
1998 the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the leading international
organization for worldwide standardization in electrotechnology, approved
as an IEC International Standard names and symbols for prefixes for binary
multiples for use in the fields of data processing and data transmission:" Sauce: http://physics.nist.gov/cuu...

I'm not going to argue with the International Systems of units (SI)...

Posted on 2015-02-18 18:20:16

Hey guys, please keep this respectful. This is not a place for a bar fights :)

Posted on 2015-02-18 18:38:34

I toned it down, figured it was sauce time anyway. Don't forget the popcorn!

Posted on 2015-02-18 18:46:37
Prom

Those are prefixes for binary multiples. In short it's to indicate the difference between decimal multiples of 1000 and binary multiples of 1024 by applying an "i" after the prefix for the latter. There is still no standard for the difference between byte and bit that I am aware of.

I didn't say that b and B are interchangeable. I specifically said that they shouldn't be used interchangeably in an article but as far as "b" denoting bits and "B" denoting bytes there is no standard for this assertion and there has never been any real convention for it either.

You can disagree with this if you want but until you can show a real existing standard or a "convention" that hasn't been routinely disregarded by just about everyone in the industry it seems like a non-existing objection.

Posted on 2015-02-19 18:38:42

IEEE made "recommendations" in their 1541-2002 standard that "b" (lowercase) refer to a single bit, while "B" (uppercase) would refer to a set of adjacent bits (usually but not necessarily 8, for a byte).

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wik...

Posted on 2015-02-19 18:54:46

I was trying to not use the wiki as a sauce, but will try to review the referenced IEEE information.

Thanks!

Posted on 2015-02-19 19:18:50

I wasn't referencing that page for the right-hand side of the second chart and notice their use of b & B (I should have pointed this out earlier). I was going to throw out the wiki link William posted later, but wanted to get to the 'hard source'. Which as you have indicated is relatively difficult to pin down.

Being in industry for 8 years now, and working in a fairly decent sized facility with folks from across the country using b/B improperly will get pointed out (even by most non-IT staff).

I do understand what you're saying when someone references SATA speeds its going to be in Gb not GB, and if GB were used one would perfectly/safely assume Gb. But when education institutions (been to 3 so far in 2 states) always reference, if not stress the industry norm of proper b/B usage this counts for something.

Initially you referenced 'Both are interchangeable' and explained that the tech being referenced dictated the b/B usage. Now I see where you're coming from and to be quite frank as IT folks we reference the norm speeds of network/sata/sas speeds in bps, but in most optimizing/benchmarking/proof of concept everything gets translated into Bps, because you don't benchmark arrays using bps. So when your results are all Bps, you would want to correlate the bps equivalent in Bps to determine underlying hardware utilization. So here we have two very distinct usages of b/B, on the same medium, this sometimes applies to LAN testing, but for the most part that stays in the bps realm.

Posted on 2015-02-19 19:41:05
Naeem Ur Rahman

Thanks a lot.... I was looking up for that.... thats why the H97 is too cheap.

Posted on 2014-12-13 06:05:45
Mokhtar

why ?? i didn't understand any difference than the cpu overclocking function

Posted on 2014-12-23 01:39:30
Naeem Ur Rahman

overclocking isn't the big difference?
plus there is good graphics support...

Posted on 2014-12-23 11:42:12
SirPent

Both are good with the Graphics support,, only that Z97 chipsets can handle Multi GPUs OCing is not as good as you think.... let me ask you.. do you find a difference in performance between a 4.0 and a 4.2???

Posted on 2015-03-11 15:32:17
Naeem Ur Rahman

Yes i have Pentium G3258 and a Z97 msi Gaming 5, Processor runs at 3.2 GHz, When I over clock it at 4.5 GHz, there's much for one to get astonished, and the story will start when Broadwell will arrive which will break 5.0 GHz barrier,

Posted on 2015-03-11 16:40:20
Gary Calliham

Thank you for this write up It is very helpful even to an IT professional that has fallen a little behind on the latest tech. I do however agree with the below comments about B = Bytes and b=bits for an average reader they may not know the difference, but to the educated reader this has always caused confusion and frustrated me. It is always hard to tell if the author of articles like this does not know the difference and is just using them interchangeably, or if they do know the difference and i should take it literal. I wish everyone would stick with the standard B=Bytes and b=bits. It does not always cause a problem, but it would greatly help avoid the confusion and frustration when trying to research certain things in greater detail... Great article and again thank you for taking the time to post this information for us!! :-)

Posted on 2015-01-08 23:22:47