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CPU Rendering: Intel Core i9 9990XE vs Xeon W-3175X

Written on February 22, 2019 by William George
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Introduction

Intel recently released a pair of rather odd, high-end processors:

  • Core i9 9990XE - a 14-core socket 2066 chip with extremely high clock speeds, heat output to match, and no warranty or support. Moreover, it is only available for purchase through special, invite-only auctions.
  • Xeon W-3175X - a 28-core socket 3647 chip similar to the Xeon Scalable Platinum 8180, but with higher clock speeds. It too has greatly increased heat output, and due to high power requirements only works on a few extremely large, expensive motherboards.

Because of those oddities, and more, neither of these processors will have a home in our product line at this time. They are still worth testing, though, both for fun and for insight into what current CPU designs are capable of when pushed beyond what is practical.

This article will focus on how these processors handle the heavily-threaded workload of photorealistic rendering, specifically with V-Ray and Cinema 4D, but we also have an article diving into how these chips do in the Adobe Creative Suite. Since we are concerned with rendering speed here, we are including other high-end Intel processors as well as a few of AMD's Threadripper CPUs as references.

Intel Core i9 9990XE vs Xeon W-3175X for CPU Rendering

Test Setup & Methodology

Intel Xeon W Test Platform
CPU Intel Xeon W-3175X
CPU Cooler Asetek 690LX-PN Liquid Cooler
Motherboard Asus ROG Dominus Extreme
RAM 6x DDR4-2666 16GB (96GB total)
Video Card NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2080 Ti 11GB
Hard Drive Samsung 960 Pro 1TB
Software Windows 10 Pro 64-bit
 
AMD Threadripper Test Platform
CPU AMD TR 2990WXTR 2970WXTR 2950X
CPU Cooler Corsair Hydro Series H80i v2
Motherboard Gigabyte X399 AORUS Xtreme
RAM 8x DDR4-2666 16GB (128GB total)
Video Card NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2080 8GB
Hard Drive Samsung 960 Pro 1TB
Software Windows 10 Pro 64-bit

Both Chaos Group and Maxon provide benchmarks which measure rendering performance in their applications, and although they are both a little dated we find that they are still very helpful in comparing CPU performance. Since we are focusing on the CPU in this case and not the video card, we are going to disregard the scores for GPUs (in V-Ray) and OpenGL (in Cinebench). There can be some variance in these tests from one run to another, so we ran each benchmark a few times and selected the fastest result - the lowest times for V-Ray and highest scores for Cinebench - to be included in the charts below. Some of the results are from previous articles as well.

V-Ray Benchmark Results

Here are the results for V-Ray Benchmark 1.0.8, the latest version as of publishing time. The new Intel CPUs are shown in dark blue, other Intel processors are in lighter blue, and AMD's Threadripper models are in red. Results are in seconds, so lower is better:

V-Ray Benchmark 1.0.8 Comparing Core i9 9990XE, Xeon W-3175X, and AMD Threadripper CPUs

CineBench Results

Here are results for CineBench R15.038, the latest version as of this publishing, with separate charts for Multi-Core and Single Core performance. Color coding is the same as above. The only one that really matters for CPU-based rendering is the multi-core result, but we included single-core as well since it shows how these CPUs stack up in lightly threaded workloads like 3D modeling and animation.

Conclusion

Intel's 28-core Xeon W-3175X behemoth does take the top performance spots for both CineBench and V-Ray, but it is not very far ahead of AMD's top-end 2990WX. However, the W-3175X is over $1000 more expensive on its own - plus it requires a special motherboard, cooler, and chassis that would add at least another $1000 compared to what a Threadripper system costs... or very likely even more.

This is also just focusing on single-CPU systems. If you had an unlimited budget, moving up to a dual Xeon 8180 system could give substantially better rendering speeds... for many thousands of dollars more. In terms of performance per dollar, Threadripper wins.

What about the Core i9 9990XE? It fares okay, considering it has far fewer cores, coming in around the same level as the i9 9980XE. That processor has more cores, but a little bit lower clock speed, which is why they end up performing so closely. However, the 9980XE is also much easier to purchase - with none of the weird auction business - plus it costs less, comes with a warranty, and runs cooler. The only place where the 9990XE really shines compared to the rest of the CPUs we tested is in single-threaded applications, thanks to its very aggressive clock speeds. You can get that level of single-thread performance for much less money with a Core i9 9900K.

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Tags: V-Ray, Cinema, 4D, Cinebench, CPU, Rendering, Performance, Intel, Xeon, W-3175X, Core X, i9, 9990XE, AMD, Threadripper

Slightly ahead of 2990X for over a thousand dollar higher price is a bad deal. Looking at some sites the 2990X is actually cheaper than 9980XE too.

Posted on 2019-02-22 21:24:36

Yup, for CPU based rendering Threadripper wins :)

Posted on 2019-02-22 21:33:57
synapticLeaves

Except for the fact that rendering alone doesn't paint an accurate picture of the performance. You have to take into account the 2990WX does not do well at all with many 3D applications due to the memory bandwidth handicap.

Posted on 2019-03-10 23:28:45

Indeed, it depends on the totality of applications a given computer is used for. Sometimes folks have systems set up purely as render boxes (or in groups, as small render farms). For those, if they are using a CPU-based renderer, Threadripper is a fantastic choice due to its price:performance ratio.

For someone doing more of the actual modeling or animation, with rendering being a smaller part of their workload, then an Intel chip with better single-threaded performance might be a better choice... but it depends on how much you are willing to sacrifice on the rendering side, and potentially how much more you are willing to spend (if considering something like the two crazy chips we focused on here).

Posted on 2019-03-12 16:36:45

The community of the German online Mag "Computerbase" made a joint effort to benchmark all kind of CPUs in the brand new Cinebench R20.

So far, about 260 different CPUs got benched. The result is here:

https://www.computerbase.de...

Posted on 2019-03-08 19:40:03